[Translation of the Nahuatl (right-hand column) by James Lockhart:]
[The Tlaxcalans] guided, accompanied, and led them until they brought them to their palace
and placed them there. They showed them great honors, they gave them what they needed and attended to them, and then they gave them their daughters.
Then [the Spaniards] asked them, “Where is Mexico? What kind of a place is it? Is it still far?”
They answered them, “It’s not far now. Perhaps one can get there in three days. It is a very favored place,and [the Mexica] are very strong, great warriors, conquerors, who go about conquering everywhere.”
Now before this there had been friction between the Tlaxcalans and the Cholulans. They viewed each other with anger, fury, hate, and disgust; they could come together on nothing. Because of this they put [the Spaniards] up to killing them treacherously.
They said to them, “The Cholulans are very evil; they are our enemies. They are as strong as the Mexica,and they are the Mexica’s friends.”
When the Spaniards heard this, they went to Cholula. The Tlaxcalans and Cempoalans went with them, outfitted for war.
[Translation of the Spanish (left-hand column) by James Lockhart:]
The lords and leaders of Tlaxcala introduced the Spaniards into their society, receiving them peacefully, and then they took them straight to the royal palace, where they gave them lodging, and they treated them very well, with great diligence providing them with the necessary things. They also gave them many of their maiden daughters, and they received them and used them as their women.
Then the Captain began to ask about Mexico, saying, "Where is Mexico? Is it far from here?"
They told him, "It's not far; it's a journey of three days. The city is very populous, and its inhabitants are brave and great conquerors; they make conquests everywhere."
The Tlaxcalans and Cholulans were not friends, there was discord between them, and as they wished them ill they said bad things of them to the Spaniards so they would treat them badly. They told them that they were their enemies and friends of the Mexica, and valiant like them. When the Spaniards heard such news of Cholula they decided to treat them badly, as they did.
They all departed from Tlaxcala, with many Cempohualans and Tlaxcalans accompanying them, all with their weapons of war. When they all reached Cholula, the Cholulans took no notice of anything; they received them with neither war nor peace, but stayed in their houses. From this the Spaniards conceived a bad opinion